IJIMT 2014 Vol.5(6): 406-411 ISSN: 2010-0248
DOI: 10.7763/IJIMT.2014.V5.549

Issues and Problems towards the Sustainable Dam Management System in Malaysia

Norlida Ismail
Abstract— Sustainable Dam Management Systems involve the whole aspect of management in order to overcome the management issues and problems in dam development. Dam management systems also help to reduce the reverse impact between dams, humans and the environment. Usually, developing dams affect humans and the environment in the form of changes in ecological, and socio-economic instead of humans and the environment having an impact on the dam in the form of urban development pressures, land use conflicts, climate change, earthquakes, landslides and the old dam structure. The main purpose of this study is to identify the issues and problems regarding sustainable dam management systems in Malaysia and to highlight the significant issues and problems in dam management systems in Malaysia. A qualitative research technique that involves fieldwork, map analysis, document analysis research and interviews was used. Results showed the significant issues and problems in dam management systems in Malaysia are more impacted by human activities to the dam water catchment area. The effects of humans on the dam exist such as garbage dumps, illicit stalls, and recreational use by urban residents near the dam. All of these problems happened because of land-use conflicts that occur in the dam catchment area. Implementation of laws related to land and development control is inconsistent with each other and thus becomes an issue. Dams in Malaysia are also vulnerable to environmental threats, such as climate change, earthquakes, landslides and old dam structure. Therefore, to ensure the success of a sustainable dam management system, Malaysia should seek to coordinate the function and the implementation of all laws and regulations relating to land use and activity control between the technical agencies.

Index Terms— Issues, problems, sustainable, dam management, Malaysia.

Norlida Ismail is with the Department of Geography, Faculty of Arts and Social Science, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, 50603 Malaysia (e-mail: leida25781@yahoo.com).

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Cite: Norlida Ismail, " Issues and Problems towards the Sustainable Dam Management System in Malaysia," International Journal of Innovation, Management and Technology vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 406-411, 2014.

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