IJIMT 2018 Vol.9(4): 164-168 ISSN: 2010-0248
doi: 10.18178/ijimt.2018.9.4.807

Open Innovation in Vietnam SMEs: Exploring Its Technology Dimension in Reverse Knowledge Sharing

Au Due Tang
Abstract— Small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) have played an important role in Vietnam’s market-oriented reform and industrialization process, however, SMEs have remained weak in terms of internal and external networking competiveness, innovativeness, industrial and trade policies, human resource, financial and technical capabilities. The access to reverse knowledge sharing – a backward knowledge flow from open business communities is critical for SMEs in emerging countries to address these mentioned-above problems. Using a survey conducted among 84 SMEs in manufacturing and services industry in Vietnam, this paper takes an empirical step to explore the relationship between open innovation and reverse knowledge sharing. Results indicate that technological dimension of open innovation plays an important role in reverse knowledge sharing. Particularly, technology exploitation activities enrich knowledge about technology and product, whereas technology exploration activities enrich primary knowledge from external stakeholders. Some theoretical and practical implications are also suggested.

Index Terms— Open innovation, reverse knowledge sharing, SMEs, Vietnam.

Au Due Tang is with Department of Business Administration, Asia University, Taiwan; The University of Danang, Vietnam (email: tangau.qth@gmail.com).

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Cite: Au Due Tang, " Open Innovation in Vietnam SMEs: Exploring Its Technology Dimension in Reverse Knowledge Sharing," International Journal of Innovation, Management and Technology vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 164-168, 2018.

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