IJIMT 2018 Vol.9(2): 85-90 ISSN: 2010-0248
doi: 10.18178/ijimt.2018.9.2.793

Impact Evaluation of the Finnish Higher Education System Reforms

Kari Björn
Abstract— Two distinct higher education sectors of Finland are introduced and profiled based on their educational objectives and their ways to impact the society and country's economic growth. Both sectors experienced major legislative and steering policy reforms within the last decade in parallel with the continuing recession after the financial crisis. Recent OECD 2017 country report offers a critical view of the science policy implementation and its discontinuity. On the contrary, recent research from the UNIFI, the representative body of the Finnish Universities reports a high regional impact of indirect gross value added of the university sector. Equally recently ARENE, the representative body of the Finnish applied science universities responded to the 2017 funding model reform that the model is missing a relevant funding instrument for the Applied Science Universities. The paper briefly introduces the modes of knowledge production as the fundamental rationale of the two sectors. The critique of the potential discontinuity of the Finnish science policy discussed based on the OECD report. However, the report on the impact to Finnish economy contains university sector contribution only. The universities of applied science are comparatively evaluated using rough analogies between the sectors, showing at least the impact of 2/3 of the university sector in terms of gross value added.

Index Terms— Applied research, basic research, funding model, GVA, impact, OECD, steering, science policy.

Kari Björn is with Metropolia University of Applied Sciences, Helsinki, Finland (e-mail: kari.bjorn@metropolia.fi).

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Cite: Kari Björn, " Impact Evaluation of the Finnish Higher Education System Reforms," International Journal of Innovation, Management and Technology vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 85-90, 2018.

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