— This study uses internal survey data based on the Chinese version of safety attitudes questionnaire in 2011-2014 from a regional teaching hospital in Taichung City, Taiwan to assess nurses’ perceptions toward the patient safety culture. In order to make a comparison among different years, analysis of variance with a = 0.05 is used, and Bonferroni method is chosen to perform post hoc analysis. The results show that teamwork climate has been improved since 2012. Safety climate, job satisfaction, stress recognition, and perception of management have not been improved or declined statistically in 2011-2014. In contrast, the hospital management needs to pay much attention to working condition because the performance perceived by nurses has been decreased and reached the lowest agreement value in 2014 among four years. Obviously, working condition should be improved in a top priority in order to improve the patient safety culture in this case hospital.
— Safety attitudes questionnaire, patient safety culture, analysis of variance, Bonferroni, nurse.
Y. C. Lee is with Department of Medical Quality Management, Cheng Ching General Hospital-Chung Kang Branch, Taichung City, Taiwan 407, Department of Health Business Administration, Hung Kuang University, Taichung City, Taiwan 433, and The School of Health Policy and Management, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung City, Taiwan 402 (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
C. H. Huang is with School of Business Administration, Hubei University of Economics, Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China 43025 (e-mail email@example.com).
C. Y. Hsu and H. H. Wu are with Department of Business Administration, National Changhua University of Education, Changhua, Taiwan 500 (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com).
Cite: Yii-Ching Lee, Chih-Hsuan Huang, Chih-Yi Hsu, and Hsin-Hung Wu, " A Longitudinal Study of Assessing the Patient Safety Culture from Nurses’ Viewpoints Based on the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire in Taiwan," International Journal of Innovation, Management and Technology vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 266-271, 2016.