— In past studies on knowledge transfer, a latent assumption exists that organizations transfer knowledge with their own intention or will. Therefore, many studies have examined how the motivation by stakeholders influences knowledge transfer. This assumption is valid for the cases of private corporations acting for economic benefit. However, for public organizations such as government agencies, economic benefit is not the main driver of their behavior. They transfer and implement knowledge and technologies for other reasons. Therefore, a different perspective should be applied to theories on knowledge transfer by public organizations. Hence, new institutionalism could provide a perspective that could explain why and how public organizations transfer knowledge. In this study, a case in the civil aviation domain for knowledge transfer involving both public and private organizations is analyzed. The results found a difference in the motivation for knowledge transfer between public organizations and private organizations. It was also found that this case can be explained as a process of coercive isomorphism. Based on these findings, implications for further studies are provided.
— Knowledge transfer, diffusion of innovation, isomorphism, coercion, public organization.
Yoshinobu Nakanishi is with the Graduate School of Business Administration, Kobe University, Kobe, Japan (e-mail: yoshi@ nfpd.jp).
Cite: Yoshinobu Nakanishi, " Knowledge Transfer as Isomorphism: Diffusion of Administrative Innovation in the International Civil Aviation Domain," International Journal of Innovation, Management and Technology vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 175-182, 2014.