IJIMT 2014 Vol.5(2): 124-129 ISSN: 2010-0248
DOI: 10.7763/IJIMT.2014.V5.499

Distribution of Stomach Food Content of Fish Species Collected from Industrial Waste Water Effluents a Case Study of Jakara Dam, Kano, Nigeria

I. Badamasi
Abstract— Industrially polluted Jakara dam water sample was analyzed; surface water temperature ranges 19.30C- 27.80C, pH 6.3-8.4, electrical conductivity 87.5–117.3 us·cm−1, chloride concentration was 0.5–1.4 mg·L−1, dissolved oxygen 3.7- 5.0 mg·L−1, BOD5 2.1-3.1 mg·L−1, Lead 0.02-0.05 mg L−1, Zinc 0.02-0.21 mg L−1, turbidity19.8-90.0 FAU, transparency 100- 368mm, and total dissolved solids 43.3-58.6 mg L−1. Lead and Zinc were above the average concentration desirable limit. Species relative abundance recorded using gills and cast net sampling gears; S. gallilaeus (32%), O. niloticus (32.9%), T .zilli (26.3%), and C. gariepinus (8.8%). 300 samples of S. gallilaeus examined, 214 (71.3%) had food items in their stomach. T. zilli samples recorded 246 which includes 190 (77.2%) with food items whereas 56 (22.8%) had empty stomach. 308 O. niloticus stomach examined, 240 (79.9%) were identified with food items in stomach. C. gariepinus were 82 with 70 (97.2%) consisting of various food items. Plant materials, insects, insect larvae and smaller fishes were the predominant food items identified

Index Terms— Fish species, Industrial effluents, Jakara dam, stomach food.

I. Badamasi is with the Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Kano State Polytechnic Kano, Nigeria (e-mail: bodmastech1@yahoo.com).

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Cite: I. Badamasi, " Distribution of Stomach Food Content of Fish Species Collected from Industrial Waste Water Effluents a Case Study of Jakara Dam, Kano, Nigeria," International Journal of Innovation, Management and Technology vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 124-129, 2014.

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