— Industrially polluted Jakara dam water sample was analyzed; surface water temperature ranges 19.30
C, pH 6.3-8.4, electrical conductivity 87.5–117.3 us·cm−1
, chloride concentration was 0.5–1.4 mg·L−1, dissolved oxygen 3.7- 5.0 mg·L−1
, BOD5 2.1-3.1 mg·L−1
, Lead 0.02-0.05 mg L−1
, Zinc 0.02-0.21 mg L−1
, turbidity19.8-90.0 FAU, transparency 100- 368mm, and total dissolved solids 43.3-58.6 mg L−1
. Lead and Zinc were above the average concentration desirable limit. Species relative abundance recorded using gills and cast net sampling gears; S. gallilaeus
(32%), O. niloticus
(32.9%), T .zilli
(26.3%), and C. gariepinus
(8.8%). 300 samples of S. gallilaeus
examined, 214 (71.3%) had food items in their stomach. T. zilli samples recorded 246 which includes 190 (77.2%) with food items whereas 56 (22.8%) had empty stomach. 308 O. niloticus
stomach examined, 240 (79.9%) were identified with food items in stomach. C. gariepinus
were 82 with 70 (97.2%) consisting of various food items. Plant materials, insects, insect larvae and smaller fishes were the predominant food items identified
— Fish species, Industrial effluents, Jakara dam, stomach food.
I. Badamasi is with the Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Kano State Polytechnic Kano, Nigeria (e-mail: email@example.com).
Cite: I. Badamasi, " Distribution of Stomach Food Content of Fish Species Collected from Industrial Waste Water Effluents a Case Study of Jakara Dam, Kano, Nigeria," International Journal of Innovation, Management and Technology vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 124-129, 2014.