IJIMT 2014 Vol.5(2): 87-92 ISSN: 2010-0248
DOI: 10.7763/IJIMT.2014.V5.492

Organochlorine and Organophosphorus Pesticide Residues in Fish Samples from Lake Chad, Baga, North Eastern Nigeria

J. C. Akan, F. I. Abdulrahman, and Z. M. Chellube
Abstract— The aimed of this study was to determine the levels of some organochlorine (o, p-DDE, p,p’-DDD, o,p’-DDD, p,p’-DDT, p,p’-DDT, α-BHC, γ-BHC, lindane, Endosulfan sulphate, dieldrin and aldrin and organophosphorus (Dichlorvos, Diazinon, Chlorpyrifos, fenitrothion and Fenitrothion) pesticide residues in the gills, liver, stomach, kidney and flesh of four fish species (Tilapia zilli, Clarias anguillaris Hetrotis niloticus and Oreochronmis niloticus) between the periods of September 2010 to October, 2011. Samples were collected from Kwantan turare in Lake Chad, Baga, Borno State, Nigeria. Extraction of the fish samples and de-fattening of the fish sample extracts were performed using standard procedures. Analysis of the fish samples for pesticide residues were carried out using Shimadzu GC/MS (GC – 17A), equipped with fluorescence detector. Large differences in the levels of pesticide residues were observed between tissues within each fish. The concentrations of all the organophosphorus pesticides were higher in the organs of Oreochronmis niloticus, while Hetrotis niloticus shows the lowest. For organochlorine pesticides, the organs of Tilapia zilli showed the highest concentrations, while Hetrotis niloticus shows the lowest. The highest pesticide therefore be concluded that the concentrations of pesticide in the four fishSpecies study did exceed the permissible limits set by FAO and FEPA.

Index Terms— Accumulation, fish, lake chad, organochlorine, organophosphorus, pesticides.

The authors are with the Department of Chemistry, University of Maiduguri, P. M. B 1069, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria (e-mail: joechemakan@yahoo.com, fannas7@yahoo.com, zchellube@yahoo.com).

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Cite: J. C. Akan, F. I. Abdulrahman, and Z. M. Chellube, " Organochlorine and Organophosphorus Pesticide Residues in Fish Samples from Lake Chad, Baga, North Eastern Nigeria," International Journal of Innovation, Management and Technology vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 87-92, 2014.

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