— Many challenges have been faced by Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in this recent decade, required them to seek new approach to ensure their sustainability. One of those is through innovation in program and strategies and encourage innovativeness of organization. We argue that one of determinant of organizational innovativeness is by taking attention towards knowledge integration within organization. Taking point from strategic leadership perspective in which based on upper echelons theory, this research aims to determine innovativeness through knowledge integration and its antecedents from top management teams (TMTs) characteristics in Higher Education Institutions (HEIs). Data were collected from 33 Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in West Sumatera. Result shows cognitive diversity of TMTs has a negative effect toward knowledge integration. Diversity in knowledge which proxies by educational background diversity has a direct positive affect towards innovativeness. Knowledge integration has positive effect towards organizational innovativeness. Conclusion and some recommendations are discussed in the end of article.
— Top management team, knowledge integration, Innovation, higher education institution.
Arief Prima Johan is with the Faculty of Economic at Andalas University, Researcher at The Management Institute, Indonesia (e-mail: email@example.com).
Herri is with Strategic Management at Andalas University and Andalas University, Indonesia (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite: Arief Prima Johan and Herri, " Effect of Knowledge Integration as Mediation of TMTs Characteristic and Innovativeness in Higher Education Institution," International Journal of Innovation, Management and Technology vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 547-550, 2013.